One of the key factors in organizing and tracking your images is metadata. There are many types of metadata that Lightroom handles well. The two main groups of metadata are EXIF and IPTC.
EXIF stands for EXchangeable Information File and contains the details about the image supplied by the camera. Generally, the EXIF information should not be edited after capture. However, date and time corrections are usually allowed.
IPTC (International Press Telecommunications Council) is where we enter most of our descriptive information that does not relate to the technical capture aspects of the image. Things like descriptions, keywords, creator, copyright data, etc.
Lightroom brings metadata front and center in the Library module's Metadata panel over on the right.
While it is recommended that you enter as much metadata as you can as you work with an image, Lightroom provides a key feature that will allow you to get a lot of the most common and general pieces of metadata into each and every file as it is imported into your catalog. That feature is Metadata Presets.
You can access metadata presets from several different locations. Go to the Metadata menu and click on Edit Metadata Presets...
- Basic Info
- IPTC Content
- IPTC Copyright
- IPTC Creator
- IPTC Image
- IPTC Status
With this basic copyright/creator template you can create other, more specific, presets. For example, if you want to apply additional information for a particular client (and you think you will do more work for in the future) simply bring up the basic copyright/creator preset and add any additional client and job specific information. Once you do you will see (edited) after the name of the preset.